- Honoring: King An Duong Vuong
- Location: Co Loa and Xuan Loi Wards, Dong Anh Dist. Hanoi
- Time: 6th – 16th, first lunar month
- Feature: Big procession in 12 hamlets. The procession for an alive king and a ceremony for sword.
Origin of An Duong Vuong Temple Festival
Thuc Phan An Duong Vuong is a King who was in the descent of Hung King. Taking advantages of the weakness of Van Lang dynasty, Thuc Phan assigned the army to beat Hung King. But in the two both battles, Thuc Phan were also been defeated by Tan Vien, then he propose a cease-fire.
The 18th Hung King had no son; therefore he left the crown for Thuc Phan. After he acceded to the throne, he addressed himself as An Duong Vuong, combined the two counties into Au Lac country and settled the citadel in Co Loa. When they build the citadel, in the legend, they met a lot of evils. Only after met the Gold Turtle God then they could defeat the evils to build the citadel. However, the daughter of King An Duong Vuong told the her husband Trong Thuy King’s secret of the way to kill the enemy, he had to kill her and committed suicide.
Co Loa has been a familiar place for tourist every spring. The story of a talented King who was able to defeat the evil to build the citadel has left a good image in theCo Loa festival. Co Loa citadel is 17km far from the main districts of capital. Along the direction of National Road no 3 and continue to a pathway in the right about 1 km more, visitor will come and get there. There is an ancient communal house in the village which was built in a soil place and was the imperial city of Thuc King. In the morning of 6th first lunar month, the procession of Van (literature) begins the festival with flags of five elements and eight kinds of musical sounds. Following is the funeral oration stand inside a Long Dinh palanquin. Outside are the various standing flags in a straight line from the hamlet road till the temple’s yard. In the middle of yard is the palanquin of 12 hamlets, etc.
A long sound of horn shows the signal of Van procession arrival. The palanquin of Dragon is respectfully placed in front of the big incense table. The eight musical instruments and horn are played loud. The offerings are carried on until over noon. Some officials play the ritual, and followed by the citizens. Meanwhile, the village elder notables pray in each hamlets for protections and help from the King An Duong Vuong.
After the offering, all the officials, elders and citizens carry on the procession of God through 12 hamlets. This is the biggest procession of the festival. The people who comes to festival is not only to witness the procession but also to join in the games: flag dancing, tug of war, wrestling, swing, rope climbing, martial arts, etc.
The festivals continue till 16th of first lunar month, a grand farewell ceremony will be held at the temple. The meaningful festival is always closed with a thanksgiving ceremony.