Ngu Hanh Son (Marble Mountain) is familiar to almost everyone who has been to Da Nang. It is so well known that many people consider it as the symbol of the area, one of the highlights on Central Vietnam’s tourist trail.
It is about 8km southeast of Da Nang City, ook like five fingers rising out of the ground. It was named after the five basic elements of the universe. This is a cluster of five marble mountains lying close to the sea. That is why, it is dubbed Hon Non Nuoc, which means Mountain and Water in Vietnamese.
Ngu Hanh Son includes 5 mountains: Kim Son (Metal Mountain), Thuy Son (Water Mountain), Moc Son (Wood Mountain), Hoa Son (Fire Mountain) and Tho Son (Earth Mountain). Number No.05 is the important number in orient and 5 mountains contain unique sense.
For a start there are no mountains, these are merely hills. Nevertheless the ‘mountains’ are undoubtedly a bewitching and inspiring place.
Travelers will find mysterious grottos and secluded pagodas while enjoying the breeze off the great blue open sea. Nearby modern hotels and resorts take advantage of the stunning Non Nuoc beach that runs along Central Vietnam’s coastline. Every day, tourists in Vietnamtravel come in numbers, each one seduced by the tranquil air and natural beauty.
Thuy Son is both the highest and the most beautiful. Marble mountains associates with many different legends. Thuy Son, covering an area of 15ha, has three peaks namely Thuong Thai, Trung Thai and Ha Thai. As a result, the pagoda built on the mountain was named Tam Thai.
Thuy Son has been exploited as a popular tourist resort because of its alluring beauty. Stone steps carved into the mountain lead to Tam Thai Pagoda where Phat Di Lac is worshipped. In the past, the pagoda paid tribute to Hindu and Buddhist gods and is now dedicated to Cham deities. Also on the cliff of the mountain are such beautiful grottoes as Linh Nham Grotto, Van Thong Grotto, Tang Chon Grotto and Huyen Khong Grotto. Huyen Khong Cave was the base for Vietnamese revolutionaries during wartime.
Moc Son is located near the sea, Thuy Son Islet to the East. The East and South is sand cave, the North is fields and the West is villages. Although it has the name “Wood Mountain”, it has fewer trees. The top mountain is divided into cog-shape as cock spur, so that it also has the name “Mong Ga” Mountain (cock spur mountain).
On the mountain, there has no pagoda; it only has white marble stone as the shape of people. The local people often call “Co Mu” or Guan Yin. In addition, there has small cave named Ba Trung Mountain. In two wars in Vietnam, local people and revolutionary cadre often used this place as shelter.
Hoa Son includes two mountains and one stone line combining them. The mountain near Kim Son to the West is Duong Hoa Son, located on the Co Co River. On the Western mountain side to the North, opposing to Kim Son, there has 3 words of Han script “Duong Hoa Son” which are sculptured into the mountainous wall. In the mountain, there has grottos and Pho Son Da pagoda.
Tho Son is located on the Northern Kim Son islet and Southern Thuy Son islet. This is the longest mountain in Ngu Hanh Son. The Western Tho Son is Ba Cha River. In the mountain, there has entrance that faces to the South-West; its name is Coc grotto or Bo De grotto. During two wars in Vietnam, Bo De grotto was considered as natural shelter for local people and revolutionary cadre.
On the Northern Tho Son, to the Da Nang, there has Long Hoa pagoda. It was built in 1992. This terrain contributes to the beauty of whole picture of Non Nuoc- Ngu Hanh Son Mountain.
Metal Mountain (Kim Son) is located in the Southeast, on the bank of Co Co River. Travelling by boat, tourists can contemplate the beautiful scenery. Ben Ngu, the place, the Kings often stayed each time come to Ngu Hanh Son. Today, it did not exist; however, people can see one ironwood pillar near the Quan Am pagoda.
On the foot of Kim Son Mountain, there has a cave with 50 meters length, 10 meters width and 10-15 meters height. The entrance has natural stone steps, the stalagmite creates Guan Yin statue, which is beautiful and lively.